World Water Day, on 22 March every year, is about taking action to tackle the water crisis. Today, 1.8 billion people use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio.
Globally, over 80% of the wastewater generated by society flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused.
As a result, 1.8 billion people use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio. Industrial wastes of the mining sector takes whole rivers and lakes out of order converting them into oil dumps and tail pipes.
Armenia possessing a number of spring sources with unique taste qualities didn't make any exception and currently has problems both with water deficit and deterioration of water quality.
The irrigable land areas in Armenia make up only 47% of the cadastre irrigable land areas. This means that over 50% of agricultural land areas in Armenia with little land are not used. The villages in Ararat Valley suffer from the deprivation of water because of its overexploitation by fish tycoons. For example, Taronik community in Armavir Region hasn't had any drinking water for nearly 25 years starting from 1992. Only weeds grow in these agricultural land areas.
The control over water use is inefficient. According to the data by Nature Protection Ministry, around 574 household entities in Armenia operate without water usage permits, but planned inspections of the household entities were banned in the last two years.
There are no cleaning stations in the modern sense of that word: only mechanical cleaning works, which keeps garbage. As a result, all the rivers flowing through densely populated regions have the highest level of pollution when flowing out of the towns. Rivers supplying water to mining companies and nearby communities are polluted with different heavy toxic metals. The local population uses the water of these rivers and they get a series of diseases and grops contaminated with heavy metals. As a result, the social level of people gets down. The hydroenergetic sector only envisages having an action plan on the regulation of the water course and other measures, which shall save the water ecosystem. While water in the rivers with high hydroenergetic load has already started to change its physico-chemical parameters, for example, in the Yeghegis River.
We shall preserve the fundamental right to water and demand actions from the state aimed at the preservation and rational use of water. Otherwise, our rank in the rating of low-water caountries will get higher by each year.
11:27 March 22, 2017