Yerevan Municipality is implementing 'Green City Action Plans' project. The aim of the project is to have an ecologically clean city with clean air, water, green zones, 'green' industry, transportation, smart waste management and high energy efficiency. The project has been funded by the Czech Government through 'Green Economy Policy' Dialogue of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
On 16 June the third public hearings of the project were held: in terms of atmospheric air, it was mentioned that the most worrying factor was high concentrations in Yerevan air, as well as unlimited and unreliable data on air quality.
The project proposes to establish interactive online map for air pollution based on the meteorological data and data on the emission from movable and immovable sources. An integrated modeling system for air quality monitoring and air pollution will be established.
'Our studies showed there are certain drawbacks in the monitoring system related to an insufficient number of stations, as well as regard to the reliability of data assessment...As it's accepted in many European cities, the Municipality can have its own monitoring system,' Project Expert Martiros Tsarukyan said.
According to Expert Dshkhuhi Sahakyan, it's proposed to establish 'Green City Awareness Center', and one of its functions will be establishing a public database on biodiversity and ecosystems. It's planned to increase green areas up to 10m2 per capita, nevertheless, the current situation of the land areas and the availability of irrigation network limits implementation opportunities.
The project also refers to non-regulated site development. It's proposed to carry out an assessment of further limitation of buildings in the downtown of Yerevan. The list of possible polluted areas in Yerevan will be drawn up including an in-detailed list of derelict industrial areas.
According to Project Manager from Ernst and YoungConsulting Company Mrs. Andrea Chirlichova, in the case of successful implementation of 'Green City' project, the number of regular commuters will reach 75% by 2030. Around 90% of public transport will operate with alternative fuel, 35% with electricity and hydrogen. Yerevan will set electric transport support measures and will establish a network of charging stations. The capital will have 50 km of cycling lanes estimated for 100,000 residents.
'Green City Action Plans' Project National Team Coordinator Astghine Pasoyan mentioned that the target of the project is 30% reduction of CO2 emissions in Yerevan by 2030 as compared with the data for 2012, which will be reached by promoting the use of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy in buildings and external lighting system.
Expert Tigran Sekoyan mentioned that the project proposes to establish 'Clean Production' Excellence Center, which will operate as a research center, where industrial enterprises will get consultation how to proceed to green production. The companies will voluntarily undertake measures to improve the effectiveness of their technological processes reducing energy consumption and the emission of related CO2, greenhouse gases, and other polluting substances.
Czech 'Geotest' Company Expert Boris Urbanek particularly mentioned that, according to the project, the indicator for urban solid waste processing will make up 30% and over 60% for other wastes.
Swedish 'Sweco' Company Expert particularly mentioned that the amount of non-regulated water amount will reduce reaching 50% from 73% in 2030.
Karine Movsisyan, Chief Specialist of 'Environmental Impact Assessment' SNCO of RA Nature Protection Ministry, raised a number of questions in regard to water resource assessment and sufficiency of further consumption volumes, the need to comply with Yerevan master plan, physical and health impacts of urban infrastructures. Team members mentioned that unfortunately, the State Committee on Water Industry hasn't carried out such assessment either quantitative or qualitative one. There are significant up-to-date and available gaps on the data for land and water pollution, there is no comprehensive and available research on the quantitative impact of the urban economy on human health. 'Green City Action Plans' project amended and supplemented with the comments made by the stakeholders in the public hearings will be presented for the fourth public hearings during 2-3 months, and for the judgment of newly-elected Yerevan Aldermen's Council in 2017.
16:11 June 22, 2017